探讨一下油企私有化的前景 - Leo's Utopia

探讨一下油企私有化的前景

leo.zhao posted @ Fri, 28 Feb 2014 01:45:29 +0800 in 未分类 with tags 探讨 油企 油价 民营 , 2009 readers

朋友圈里石油行业的老同学赚了一篇叫做《说石油员工工资高的人,你们的良心在哪里?》的文章,我回了句“还是放开民营吧”,老同学回我“你以为民营就能解决问题了,你太天真了”。

先不要扣“天真”的帽子,大家心平气和的讨论一下。很明显没有什么手段能够“解决所有问题”,但是能够解决部分问题,能让情况有相当幅度的好转,应该也值得一试吧。

下面我就探讨一下石油公司民营化,或者说国家油企去行政化+允许民营资本进入的前景。

想象一下把几家大油企民营化的前景吧,油企去“国家安全”等特殊性之后:

一、监管和运营分离,可以有以下好处:

1. 监管层可以按照法规、不顾情面地提劳动环境要求,不至于让原帖图中的工人们野外作业时连个炊事车和宿营车都没有;

2. 管理层去行政化,不至于底层员工挣可怜的一点钱,而一个分公司高管却可以每天报销2万多的业务招待费;

3. 发改委可以进行正常的价格管制,非正常涨价时可以“约谈”;

二、市场公开竞争,可见以下几点:

1. 通过竞争倒逼企业去改进油品,油品才可能跟得上充分竞争的汽车行业的发动机品质。工信部随便一个标准要求所有车企的柴油车都要达到国IV排放,大家没办法只能去开发对应的产品,也只能按时达到要求。没办法,达不到车子就没法卖,企业就得破产。反观过来,油料呢?一个柴油国III标准论证多少年了,炼油企业简单一句“现在暂时达不到这种技术”或者“升级成本太高”就挡了N年。车企还得去研发“能喝国III油的国IV发动机”这种奇葩东西。

2. 把行业的水分挤出来。现在的油价调控的依据是迪拜、辛塔和北海布伦特等三地石油的油价,这三大油田的石油都是优质的轻质原油。而三大油企开采的却多是北非、中亚、亚洲北部这些地方的劣质高硫原油,典型的以次充好。而且,这些油井项目大分还是以国开行、中投等主权基金投资的长期石油开采合约油井,并非期货化的石油产品,跟国际油价波动根本关系不大。此外,通过自己集团的运作:采油子公司把原油高价卖给炼油子公司,炼油子公司再以略微亏损的价格向市场出售成品油。表面上看起来是在亏损,可实际上整个集团却在不正常地大幅盈利;通过充分竞争把这些不正当水分挤掉吧。

3. 引进小民营企业还可以加快行业创新。10年前,美国的原油对外依存率还非常高,但是去年开始已经实现自给自足,今年都可以出口了。这些出口的石油、天然气主要是页岩油和页岩气。开采页岩油、页岩气的技术都是最近10年这些小的民营企业通过不断的试验逐步开发出来的。反观一下国内,现在已经开始试图跟风开采页岩油气了,但石油系统“温室”里的哪个研究所敢说自己有这个技术?

……

以上内容原始资料主要来自《金融时报》和《南方周末》等报纸的公开报道及几大油企的财务报表,本人整理。

전설 서구 said:
Sat, 27 Feb 2021 17:41:24 +0800

I'm going to read this. I'll be sure to come back. thanks for sharing. and also This article gives the light in which we can observe the reality. this is very nice one and gives indepth information. thanks for this nice article... 123movie

seo said:
Fri, 08 Oct 2021 13:53:34 +0800

Thank you for your post, I look for such article along time, today i find it finally. this post give me lots of advise it is very useful for me. best credit card processing company

John said:
Sat, 09 Oct 2021 15:00:37 +0800

I adore your websites way of raising the awareness on your readers. how to become a registered iso

John said:
Wed, 27 Oct 2021 19:42:23 +0800

I am impressed. I don't think Ive met anyone who knows as much about this subject as you do. You are truly well informed and very intelligent. You wrote something that people could understand and made the subject intriguing for everyone. Really, great blog you have got here. kinoebi

Top SEO said:
Sat, 30 Oct 2021 04:00:05 +0800

This is an excellent post I seen thanks to share it. It is really what I wanted to see hope in future you will continue for sharing such a excellent post. world cup 2022 tickets

John said:
Sat, 30 Oct 2021 13:56:46 +0800

This is my first time i visit here and I found so many interesting stuff in your blog especially it's discussion, thank you. Painters in Melbourne Eastern Suburbs

John said:
Sat, 30 Oct 2021 14:35:10 +0800

In this small article we will not make side-by-side technical specs comparison. We would rather like to give you opinions from both sides - Microsoft and SAP. Both products target mid-size businesses in the USA, Europe (however Microsoft Great Plains - Dynamics GP will be leaving continental Europe market starting with version 10.0 - somewhere in the year of 2008, where Microsoft Business Solutions will probably stake on Microsoft Dynamics NAV - again this is contingent to the progress with Project Green or now Microsoft Dynamics project). Ativador Office 2016

John said:
Sat, 30 Oct 2021 17:49:40 +0800

KhmerAds provides free listings of items in all provinces within Cambodia. There are lots of houses for rent and sales in Phnom Penh & Sihanouk ville. It's the best site to buy cheap land in Cambodia phnom penh property

John said:
Wed, 03 Nov 2021 13:09:24 +0800

Processing concrete to a seamless finish is extremely beneficial. Results are reliant on having technical expertise of how to work with many surfaces and variables in the entire process. concrete company cincinnati

John said:
Thu, 04 Nov 2021 13:21:28 +0800

Every year more than three million young people graduate from high school in the United States. It is no wonder that most of us spend every weekend from the end of May to the middle of June attending graduation parties and open houses for the graduating teens of friends and family. party rentals san mateo county

John said:
Thu, 04 Nov 2021 20:10:23 +0800

I have read all the comments and suggestions posted by the visitors for this article are very fine,We will wait for your next article so only.Thanks! Fund recovery

John said:
Fri, 05 Nov 2021 13:15:31 +0800

I admire this article for the well-researched content and excellent wording. I got so involved in this material that I couldn’t stop reading. I am impressed with your work and skill. Thank you so much. ارخص سيرفر بيع متابعين

John said:
Sat, 06 Nov 2021 14:45:56 +0800

Finding a gift for someone is really exhausting. Not only because it requires you to think about what the person likes but because you have apprehensions that the person you are giving your gift to might not like it. Nevertheless, despite its difficulty, gift-giving is a very nice gesture because it is really nice to share to family and friends. What to better way to express your love and care to them is of course by giving them Disney snow globes? Find more information

John said:
Sun, 07 Nov 2021 14:17:53 +0800

Everyone likes to have a beautiful home and garden; however, paying for all the best decorations and extras is not always easy. There are many things you can do to save money on home and garden items; you just have to know where to look and what strategies to use. Consider the following five tips when you are planning your next purchase. Better Homes and Gardens

John said:
Sun, 07 Nov 2021 14:22:35 +0800

All you could have to do is go on sufficient travel blog sites or even on Yelp! and take a look at the travel horror stories to know that tourism advertising has become additional and a lot more deceptive. Consumers have to be quite watchful prior to purchasing travel packages from travel agents or on the net advertisements. Numerous times these "bargain" deals can leave you stuck inside a seedy, dirty hotel area inside a bad part of town in the foreign city. Travelzoo Dubai

John said:
Sun, 07 Nov 2021 14:26:52 +0800

A house that benefits the environment! Imagine living trees that have their trunks shaped, pruned and grafted into the shape of a house. Yes it does takes a long time, but look at how fast the last 10 years of your life has gone. The living tree has become the new medium of choice for eco minded researchers and home landscapers. Team Trees Scam

John said:
Mon, 08 Nov 2021 20:23:10 +0800

Learn about 3d animation and game development through the RPG maker download software. Also learn the aspects behind the importance of 3d software that accomplishes the achievement of realism! download anime

John said:
Sun, 14 Nov 2021 14:26:13 +0800

For any website to become visible on internet we need web hosting facilities. Have you ever thought hosting a web on someone else's behalf? You probably are not aware that it is one of the simplest methods to make a regular monthly income. So what exactly reseller hosting is and how its works? If you keep some steps in mind you can earn a handsome amount every month. Buy Stripe Account

John said:
Mon, 15 Nov 2021 14:03:20 +0800

Though the rules of slot machines have changed very little over the years, perhaps few people know that Charles Fey invented the slot machine in 1895. The main difference between the slot of the first of 900 and those that exist today, virtual and physical, is to be found in the electronic system at the heart of the operation. For the rest, now play as it once was: The player operates a lever that activates the wheels on the screen to spin around themselves. pragmatic

John said:
Mon, 15 Nov 2021 19:01:41 +0800

Free offline slots are great if you don't have continuous Internet access. Just download them, install them in your computer, and voila! You are ready to play. In most cases, you don't even need complicated java consoles or Flash players. With free offline slots, you can enjoy an exciting game of slots whenever you want to. judi slot online

John said:
Tue, 16 Nov 2021 18:41:51 +0800

Getting a bounce house rental for your child's party is a great idea. Not only does it give the kids a fun and exiting activity to do during the party, but it also gives the hosts and parents a break from running around after the children. Additional resources

John said:
Fri, 26 Nov 2021 23:51:03 +0800

I was reading some of your content on this website and I conceive this internet site is really informative ! Keep on putting up. House Painters West Auckland

John said:
Fri, 26 Nov 2021 23:55:50 +0800

Positive site, where did u come up with the information on this posting?I have read a few of the articles on your website now, and I really like your style. Thanks a million and please keep up the effective work. Scaffolding Hire Auckland

John said:
Fri, 26 Nov 2021 23:57:58 +0800

Its a great pleasure reading your post.Its full of information I am looking for and I love to post a comment that "The content of your post is awesome" Great work. Electricians Auckland

Top Tantrik said:
Thu, 04 Aug 2022 13:27:00 +0800

https://www.toptantrik.com
https://www.tantrikastrologerramkali.com

ramkali said:
Thu, 04 Aug 2022 13:30:44 +0800

This is my first time i visit here and I found so many interesting stuff in your blog especially it's discussion, thank you. <a href="https://www.toptantrik.com/">Top Tantrik</a>

Top Tantrik said:
Thu, 04 Aug 2022 13:32:22 +0800

This is my first time i visit here and I found so many interesting stuff in your blog especially it's discussion, thank you. <a href="https://www.toptantrik.com/">Top Tantrik</a>


Login *


loading captcha image...
(type the code from the image)
or Ctrl+Enter
Host by is-Programmer.com | Power by Chito 1.3.3 beta | © 2007 LinuxGem | Design by Matthew "Agent Spork" McGee